The earliest evidence of coffee consumption or knowledge of the coffee tree dates back to the mid-15th century in Ahmed al-Ghaffar's accounts in Yemen. It is believed that the coffee seeds were first roasted and brewed in a similar way as they are now prepared in Arabia. The legend of the goat herder Kaldi discovering the potential of coffee beans in the ancient coffee forests on the Ethiopian plateau is also widely known. Some historians attribute the Moroccan Sufi sheikh Al-Shadhili to the creation of coffee, as he noticed that certain birds were eating seeds followed by an unusual burst of energy.
After tasting the seeds himself, he experienced similar vigor and was the first man to discover the power of caffeine. The glory days of the Philippine coffee industry lasted until 1889, when coffee rust hit the Philippine shores. This seemingly minor event received little publicity, but it was going to have a big impact on the history of coffee. Those buds blossomed and 50 years later there were 18,680 coffee trees in Martinique, which allowed the spread of coffee cultivation to Saint-Domingue (Haiti), Mexico and other Caribbean islands. From there, coffee cultivation spread to other parts of Batangas such as Ibaan, Lemery, San Jose, Taal and Tanauan. According to Samuel Pepys, England's first coffee shop was established in Oxford in 1650 at The Angel, in the parish of St.
Peter, in the east, by a Jewish gentleman named Jacob, in the building now known as The Grand Cafe. Dutch representatives in the negotiations leading up to the Treaty of Utrecht presented to their French counterparts a coffee plant, which was grown in the Jardin du Roi, predecessor of the Jardin des Plantes, in Paris. In 1864, John and Charles Arbuckle purchased the newly invented self-emptying coffee bean roaster from Jabez Burns. This allowed for easier production and distribution of coffee beans across America. In 1900s, Brazil approached Nestlé to find a way to use all of Brazil's coffee waste since they simply produced too much. Some historians also believe that the custom of chewing coffee beans was brought (along with the coffee itself) from Kaffa to Harrar and Arabia by enslaved Sudanese.
London's first coffee shop opened its doors in 1652 in St Michael's Alley, near St Michael's in Cornhill Cemetery. In Italy, as in most parts of Europe, coffee arrived in the second half of the 16th century through the trade routes of the Mediterranean Sea.